This project is intended to make available to those individuals who may desire to participate in the research and experimentation of the study of extremely low frequency signals which travel through the interior of our earth, the opportunity to construct a receive station to be used to collect data for analysis.
As individual stations come on line, this data will furnish parameters such as frequency, signal strength, and location to a centralized computer which will be able to precisely determine the location, what type of event, and how strong. This will be useful for earthquake precursor studies and other transient events. The frequencies of interest are those ranging from .001 hz to 45 hz.
In order to achieve this goal it will be necessary to have most of the equipment and construction parameters standardized as much as possible. The Elfrad Group will furnish schematics, software and parts lists, plus support.
A complete standardized ELFRAD monitoring station consists of these components:
Antenna array - Two widely spaced probes to be placed into the earth.
These may consist of copper clad ground rods eight feet
in length, or a copper conductor strip in the earth.
2. ULF Receiver - Schematics are freely available.
Interface Card - A multi-channel analog to digital interface unit to couple
the received signal to the data computer.
4. Data Computer- A standard PC type computer and monitor.
The costs for this project may be kept at a minimum as a lot of you will be able to build most of the necessary items. The most expensive components will be the computer and analog to digital interface device. A PC type of computer is recommended using W95, W98, NT, Win2000, or XP software. Since most of you already own a computer, the only thing needed to be purchased is the interface and components. The software for the A/D converter is included along with analysis programs. The device for data collection is manufactured by an outside source. It contains 6 input channels, and an input for direct connection to a short wave radio tuned to WWV, which keeps computer synched to within plus or minus 2 milliseconds. Also if desired, a GPS type of time standard is available. The A/D converter is available at http://seismicnet.com.
The over all description of the receive site setup and operational information is as follows:
The desired signals are recovered from the earth and are directed to a conditioning circuit which not only protects the receive equipment from transients caused by lightening and other sources but attenuates the ambient 60 or 50 hz frequency caused by commercial power. The signal then passes through a circuit which removes any ground loop problems which may occur at your computer interface. The desired frequencies then pass through a series of filters to remove most of the noise and unwanted signals above 25 hz.
band of signals is then coupled to the interface of the data processing
computer to be recorded on the hard drive. The interface will accept
up to six channels of data and samples the signal delivered to it up to
200 samples per second, records them and then are displayed on the computer
screen either in real time or compressed time format. At any time
it is possible to take any period of data previously recorded, generate a
file and display the data for analysis. You are also able to post
data, with band pass, notch, low pass, and high pass capability.